TTI Online Private File Repository

NOTE: All of the files in this repository are proprietary and must not be copied or used for commercial reasons.  By downloading any of the files you are agreeing to respect their ownership.  Should you wish to use any of the files for any commercial purpose please request such from 

Zero Flight Time Training – The Beginning
July 9, 2020This paper is an overview of the development of Flight Simulators, now referred to as FSTD’s (Flight Simulated Training Devices), from the early days to the creation of a device that could fully replace an aircraft for all phases of type qualification. It is provided to you courtesy of Joe DePaola.
General files, Reference material
Notes for FSTD Acceptance and Evaluations
April 17, 2020– Murph Morrison was a founding member of TTI and a mentor, great friend and colleague.  He was well respected for the contributions he made to the design, testing and operation of FSTD’s.  This is a paper that he wrote in 2009 and presented to the Royal Aeronautical Society, and is still as relevant today as was when he first wrote it.
Course notes, Reference material
Summary of EASA Rules Document Layout
April 17, 2020This is a handy searchable spreadsheet that is a breakdown of EASA regulations, it comes courtesy of Malcolm Blackwood.
Reference material
FSTD Function & Subjective (F&S) Test Check List
April 17, 2020This is a simple checklist of items/topics that should be included in a F&S check list.  F&S checking of a FSTD is recommended to be split into 4 quarterly checks so that the checking of a FSTD can be done in detail and over a 12 month period.  If you have a F&S check list that you would be prepared to share with the FSTD community please contact us…
Reference material
Sample Combined 6 Day Full & 3 Day Abbreviated FSTD Evaluators Course Schedule
August 31, 2021This document contains a sample schedule for one of our 6 day Full, and combined 3 day Abbreviated FSTD Evaluators courses.  Please note, although the content and durations are accurate, the schedule timing may change for a given course due to simulator availability. revised 31/08/21
Reference material
Recommendations for Implementing ICAO 9625 iss. 3
April 17, 2020The introduction of ICAO document 9625 issue 3 resulted in several National Regulatory Authorities (NAA) wanting to apply the new criteria in order to take advantage, not only of new technology, but also to ensure that the devices they are to qualify, meet the training need.  What some of these NAA have not appreciated is that Document 9625 is not intended to be a Regulatory Document or Rule as-is.  It is meant as guidance for the criteria to be incorporated into a Regulatory Document issued by a NAA.  This has presented some NAA’s with a problem because they wish to use Document 9625 criteria and take advantage of the new types of FSTD, but they do not have a readily available National Rule to facilitate this. What is described in the attached document is a simplified method of truly adopting ICAO 9625/3. Prior to reading this you may wish to review the ICAO doc 9625 iss. 3 Implementation FAQ’s.pdf document also contained in our File Repository.  In addition, we have published a matrix for the tolerance and technical differences between 9625/3 and JAR FSTD A & H.
Reference material, Regulatory References
ICAO doc. 9625 iss. 3 Implementation FAQ’s
April 17, 2020This document is a list of the more frequently asked questions we receive on the subject of ICAO document 9625 issue 3, along with answers and explanations.  Unfortunately the document continues to be misunderstood by a lot of people, erroneously thinking it is a new set of rules or regulations that can directly replace established rules such as JAR FSTD, FAR Part 60, or CS-FSTD.  These FAQ’a are intended to clarify the situation. You may also like to review two other documents in our File Repository on the same subject; – Recommendations for Implementing 9625 issue 3 – Tolerance & Technical Requirement differences between Doc 9625 issue 3 and JAR FSTD We are always interested in your comments, suggestions or additional questions, so if you have any please send them to us by clicking here…
Reference material, Regulatory References
Visual & Motion cues in the real world and in FSTD’s
April 17, 2020Papers were presented by the author, Ian W Strachan MBE AFC FRAeS, to conferences organised by the Royal Aeronautical Society Flight Simulation Group in London in April 1987, November 1989 and May 1990. These papers were entitled “Future Flight Simulation”, “Visual and motion Cueing” and “Future Helicopter Simulation”. The papers were refined to concentrate on cueing and expanded with more detail. In this form, a paper was presented at the Royal Aeronautical Society in May 1995. A further update was presented at the I/ITSEC training and simulation conference in Orlando, USA, in December 1997.  Subsequently the paper has been expanded and updated regularly with new information and distributed to those interested in simulator cueing, the latest revision in January 2014. Extra diagrams and material on visual cueing have been added, and new simulator test results incorporated in Annex G as they became available.
Motion & Control Loading, Reference material, Visual Systems
FSTD Evaluation Report Form (.pdf)
April 11, 2020This form is used as a template for an FSTD Evaluation Report.  The original is from AMC5 ARA.FSTD.100(a)(1) In the TTI File Repository you will also find an additional copy of this form in MS Word (.doc) format.
Reference material
FSTD Evaluation Report Form (.doc)
April 11, 2020This form is used as a template for an FSTD Evaluation Report.  The original is from AMC5 ARA.FSTD.100(a)(1) In the TTI File Repository you will also find an additional copy of this form in .pdf format.
Reference material
Fight Simulation – Viability vs. Liability
April 11, 2020This paper discusses the disturbing trend by companies to reduce the costs associated with the procurement of FSTD’s by removing steps perceived to be unnecessary.  The problem is that the people making the decisions are frequently, at the best, unaware of why these steps are required, or their value.  This paper discusses the subject of flight simulation viability versus liability…
Reference material
The Process & Responsibilities of FSTD Procurements
April 11, 2020There is a growing and worrisome trend for individuals and companies to think that the acquisition of a FSTD is simply a matter of finding the financing and giving a manufacturer a purchase order and down-payment.  Unlike buying something like a car or even a house, the purchaser has a lot more to do, and carries a lot more personal liability. This document is intended to clarify the procurement process, be that purchase, lease or other acquisition, and who is responsible for what….
Reference material
FSTD (A) – Flight Test Profile
April 11, 2020This profile is not intended to be a checklist for each type of evaluation, but as an aide memoire, to be used as a guide when planning Functions and Subjective Tests. It should be used in conjunction with an aircraft type specific evaluation document …
Reference material
The QTG – Some Perspectives (past, present, future)
April 17, 2020This paper, by Malcolm Blackwood, provides an overview of the purpose and use of the Qualification Test Guide (QTG) that is used by all authorities to benchmark the configuration and performance of a FSTD when it is first qualified, and subsequently as a tool  to recurrently ensure the FSTD is maintained to that same standard. The paper supports a presentation made by Malcolm at a FSEMC Simulator Data Validation Exploratory Meeting in Crawley, United Kingdom, March 26 – 27. 2015.
Reference material, Regulatory References
The Modern QTG – where the Devil is really in the detail
January 14, 2022– There have been a number of discussions and meetings of late about Qualification Test Guides, and particularly if there is a case to be made to reduce the amount of recurrent testing of a FSTD.  It is a very contentious subject with one side saying that it is a waste of time and money as the results frequently do not show abnormalities. The other side saying if you use it properly you will always find problems even back to the original issue of the MQTG and besides, you don’t stop checking things (such as pilots competence or health) just because no problems were found on one test.      This paper was presented at a RAeS FSG  conference where significant discussion between regulatory authorities, operators, manufacturers and industry experts was conducted. The full proceedings of this and other topics will be published on the society’s web site. If you require further information or have any comments, please Contact Us
Reference material
January 14, 2022Brian Hampson presented this paper at the June 2015  Royal Aeronautical Society’s  Flight Simulation Group conference.  It puts into perspective what the purpose of a QTG is, and more importantly what it is not. It is just as relevant today as it was when Brian presented it. If you require further information or have any comments, please  Contact Us
Reference material